History

History Years 1 and 2
 
By the end of Year 1 pupils should have a basic grasp of all of this content. By the end of Year 2 pupils should have an advancing understanding of this content, whilst some will have a deep understanding.
 
In Years 1 and 2 pupils:
  • Observe or handle evidence to ask questions and find answers to questions about the past.
  • Ask questions such as: What was it like for people? What happened? How long ago?
  • Use artefacts, pictures, stories, online sources and databases to find out about the past.
  • Identify some of the different ways the past has been represented.
  • Describe historical events.
  • Describe significant people from the past.
  • Recognise that there are reasons why people in the past acted as they did.
  • Place events and artefacts in order on a time line.
  • Label time lines with words or phrases such as: past, present, older and newer.
  • Recount changes that have occurred in their own lives.
  • Use dates where appropriate.
  • Use words and phrases such as: a long time ago, recently, when my parents/ carers were children, years, decades and centuries to describe the passing of time.
  • Show an understanding of the concept of nation and a nation’s history.
  • Show an understanding of concepts such as civilisation, monarchy, parliament, democracy, and war and peace.
History Years 3 and 4
 
By the end of Year 3 pupils should have a basic grasp of all of this content. By the end of Year 4 pupils should have an advancing understanding of this content, whilst some will have a deep understanding.
 
In Years 3 and 4 pupils:
  • Use evidence to ask questions and find answers to questions about the past.
  • Suggest suitable sources of evidence for historical enquiries.
  • Use more than one source of evidence for historical enquiry in order to gain a more accurate understanding of history.
  • Describe different accounts of a historical event, explaining some of the reasons why the accounts may differ.
  • Suggest causes and consequences of some of the main events and changes in history.
  • Describe changes that have happened in the locality of the school throughout history.
  • Give a broad overview of life in Britain from ancient until medieval times.
  • Compare some of the times studied with those of other areas of interest around the world.
  • Describe the social, ethnic, cultural or religious diversity of past society.
  • Describe the characteristic features of the past, including ideas, beliefs, attitudes and experiences of men, women and children.
  • Place events, artefacts and historical figures on a time line using dates.
  • Understand the concept of change over time, representing this, along with evidence, on a time line.
  • Use dates and terms to describe events.
  • Use appropriate historical vocabulary to communicate, including:
    • dates
    • time period
    • era
    • change
    • chronology.
  • Use literacy, numeracy and computing skills to a good standard in order to communicate information about the past.
History Years 5 and 6
 
By the end of Year 5 pupils should have a basic grasp of all of this content. By the end of Year 6 pupils should have an advancing understanding of this content, whilst some will have a deep understanding.
 
In Years 5 and 6 pupils:
  • Use sources of evidence to deduce information about the past.
  • Select suitable sources of evidence, giving reasons for choices.
  • Use sources of information to form testable hypotheses about the past.
  • Seek out and analyse a wide range of evidence in order to justify claims about the past.
  • Show an awareness of the concept of propaganda and how historians must understand the social context of evidence studied.
  • Understand that no single source of evidence gives the full answer to questions about the past.
  • Refine lines of enquiry as appropriate.
  • Identify continuity and change in the history of the locality of the school.
  • Give a broad overview of life in Britain from medieval until the Tudor and Stuarts times.
  • Compare some of the times studied with those of the other areas of interest around the world.
  • Describe the social, ethnic, cultural or religious diversity of past society.
  • Describe the characteristic features of the past, including ideas, beliefs, attitudes and experiences of men, women and children.
  • Describe the main changes in a period of history (using terms such as: social, religious, political, technological and cultural).
  • Identify periods of rapid change in history and contrast them with times of relatively little change.
  • Understand the concepts of continuity and change over time, representing them, along with evidence, on a time line.
  • Use dates and terms accurately in describing events.
  • Use appropriate historical vocabulary to communicate, including:
    • dates
    • time period
    • era
    • chronology
    • continuity
    • change
    • century
    • decade
    • legacy.
  • Use literacy, numeracy and computing skills to an exceptional standard in order to communicate information about the past.
  • Use original ways to present information and ideas.