Communication Years 1 and 2
By the end of Year 1 pupils should have a basic grasp of all of this content. By the end of Year 2 pupils should have an advancing understanding of this content, whilst some will have a deep understanding.
In Years 1 and 2 pupils:
- Sift information and focus on the important points.
- Seek clarification when a message is not clear.
- Understand instructions with more than one point.
- Use subject specific vocabulary to explain and describe.
- Suggest words or phrases appropriate to the topic being discussed.
- Identify homophones.
- Speak in a way that is clear and easy to understand.
- Demonstrate good phonic knowledge by clearly pronouncing the sounds within words.
- Identify syllables within words.
- Ensure stories have a setting, plot and a sequence of events.
- Recount experiences with interesting detail.
- Predict events in a story.
- Give just enough detail to keep the audience engaged.
- Take turns to talk, listening carefully to the contributions of others.
- Vary language between formal and informal according to the situation.
- Add humour to a discussion or debate where appropriate.
Communication Years 3 and 4
By the end of Year 3 pupils should have a basic grasp of all of this content. By the end of Year 4 pupils should have an advancing understanding of this content, whilst some will have a deep understanding.
In Years 3 and 4 pupils:
- Engage in discussions, making relevant points.
- Ask for specific additional information to clarify.
- Understand the meaning of some phrases beyond the literal interpretation.
- Use time, size and other measurements to quantify.
- Use interesting adjectives, adverbial phrases and extended noun phrases in discussion.
- Use vocabulary that is appropriate to the topic being discussed or the audience that is listening.
- Use verbs with irregular endings.
- Use a mixture of sentence lengths to add interest to discussions and explanations.
- Use intonation to emphasise grammar and punctuation when reading aloud.
- Bring stories to life with expression and intonation.
- Read the audience to know when to add detail and when to leave it out.
- Make relevant comments or ask questions in a discussion or a debate.
- Seek clarification by actively seeking to understand others’ points of view.
- Respectfully challenge opinions or points, offering an alternative.
Communication Years 5 and 6
By the end of Year 5 pupils should have a basic grasp of all of this content. By the end of Year 6 pupils should have an advancing understanding of this content, whilst some will have a deep understanding.
In Years 5 and 6 pupils:
- Understand how to answer questions that require more than a yes/no or single sentence response.
- Recognise and explain some idioms.
- Understand irony (when it is obvious).
- Use adventurous and sophisticated vocabulary.
- Explain the meaning of words, offering alternatives.
- Use a wide range of phrases that include determiners, modifiers and other techniques to add extra interest and clarity.
- Vary the length and structure of sentences.
- Ask questions and make suggestions to take an active part in discussions.
- Comment on the grammatical structure of a range of spoken and written accounts.
- Narrate detailed and exciting stories.
- Use the conventions and structure appropriate to the type of story being told.
- Interweave action, character descriptions, settings and dialogue.
- Negotiate and compromise by offering alternatives.
- Debate, using relevant details to support points.
- Offer alternative explanations when others don’t understand.